University of Kentucky College of Agriculture

 

 

 

 

Female Asian tiger mosquitoes:

  • are not strong fliers, they stay near their breeding sites.
  • prefer to bite ankles and the lower leg. Don't forget to protect these areas with repellents.
  • also bite around the head, neck, and arms.

The Centers for Disease Control advises everyone, especially in the Southern states to protect themselves from mosquito bites by using repellents containing 1 of 4 active ingredients: DEET, Picaridin, Oil of lemon eucalyptus, or IR3535 and protective clothing.

According to the U.S. Zika response plan, Zika transmission is defined as two or more cases not due to travel or sex with an infected person that occur in a 1 mile diameter over the course of a month.

What 's new?

Preliminary Findings from an Investigation of Zika Virus Infection in a Patient with No Known Risk Factors — Utah, 2016 10/5/16

HHS Officials: Important progress on Zika, but much work ahead 10/4/16

CDC more cautious on conception, sex after Zika exposure 10/4/16

Zika-related birth defects likely higher than anticipated: panel 10/4/16

Congress passes (Zika) funding bill averting government shutdown 9/29/16

Global surveillance ‘essential’ part of Zika response, must be improved 9/29/16

Vela Diagnostics gets emergency U.S. authorization for Zika test 9/29/16

Fayette visitor with Zika virus prompts spraying in 40502 9/27/16

Double dose of pesticides stops Zika mosquitoes, CDC says 9/27/16

Florida declares neighborhood Zika-free, but CDC remains cautious 9/21/16

In Battle Against Zika, Researchers Seek Foolproof Test 9/20/16

Florida expands Zika zone in Miami Beach after five new cases 9/20/16

U.S. fights Zika mosquitoes with limited arsenal 9/7/16

Theranos withdraws its comeback test for Zika just a month after announcing it 8/31/16

U.S. FDA issues emergency use authorization for Zika test: Roche 8/30/16

Florida announces Zika case hundreds of miles from Miami 8/23/16

Second Zika zone in Florida prompts CDC travel warning 8/22/16

Locally transmitted Zika virus identified in Miami Beach: source 8/19/16

Zika is spreading but it won't go far 8/19/16

U.S. declares a Zika public health emergency in Puerto Rico 8/17/16 Puerto Rico has has more than 10,000 lab-confirmed cases.

Cool temperatures, few mosquitoes make Games Zika-free so far 8/10/16

Special Zika Virus Newsletter - August 5, 2016 8/8/16

Zika not a serious not a serious threat to Kentucky this year 8/4/16.

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report publication:Contraceptive Use among non-Pregnant and Postpartum Women at Risk for Unintended Pregnancy and Female High School Students, in the Context of Zika Preparedness — United States, 2011—2013 and 2015. 8/3/16.

CDC scientists used data from four state-based surveillance systems to estimate contraception use for non-pregnant and postpartum women at risk for unintended pregnancy, and sexually active female high school students, who live in states with the potential for local Zika virus transmission.

Main findings:
• About 1 in 3 women at risk for unintended pregnancy are not using any birth control method.
• Use of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC including intrauterine devices and implants)—the most effective method to prevent unintended pregnancy—remains lower than use of moderately and less effective reversible contraceptives such as pills and condoms.
• Moderately effective and less effective contraceptive methods, including pills, patches, rings, injections, condoms and other barrier methods, were used more frequently than highly effective methods across all age groups and race/ethnicity.

New peer reviewed paper:Prolonged Detection of Zika Virus RNA in Pregnant Women. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 1 August 2016 8/3/16.

CDC’s latest report in Obstetrics & Gynecology highlights the experience of five pregnant women infected with Zika virus who had evidence of Zika virus in their blood longer than is typically expected. CDC scientists raise important questions about what this finding might mean — whether it is unique to pregnant women and if so, whether it is linked to poor pregnancy or birth outcomes.
Main Findings:
• Four pregnant women with signs or symptoms consistent with Zika virus disease and one pregnant woman without symptoms had evidence of Zika virus in their blood for longer than expected (mean duration viral RNA is detectable in serum was approximately 10 days).
o Four pregnant women with symptoms had evidence of Zika virus in their blood up to 46 days after they had symptoms.
o One pregnant woman without symptoms had evidence of Zika virus in her blood at 53 days after last date of possible exposure.
• One pregnant woman had evidence of infection in her fetus. Three of the pregnancies are complete and one is ongoing.

Advice for people living in or traveling to Wynwood, a neighborhood in Miami, FL 8/3/16

CDC Travel advisory for pregnant women and women of reproductive age - Miami-Dade and Broward Counties, Florida 8/2/16

Florida investigation links four recent Zika cases to local mosquito-borne virus transmission 7/29/16

Mosquito protection: Is DEET the best? What about the rest? 7/27/16

CDC updates Zika guidance for pregnancy, prevention 7/27/16

First baby with Zika-related birth defect born in New York City 7/26/16

First case in Europe of baby born with Zika-related defect 7/26/16

Florida tests more than 200 residents in Zika probe (Press release) 7/26/16

Travel warning for pregnant women traveling to Zika-affected areas (Press release) 7/20/16

Barrier applications for mosquito suppression in the suburban landscape (Slide share) 7/14/16

Protect Yourself From Mosquitoes This Summer (Press release) 7/13/16

Mosquito Prevention Begins at Home (Press release) 7/13/16

Protect Yourself and Your Family at Home (Press release) 7/13/16

Zika Response Prevention Kit Flyer (CDC poster ) 7/13/16

Summer Travelers Should Protect Themselves Against ZIka (Press release) 7/13/16

Fight The Bite T-shirt Logo (Press release) 7/13/16

 

Zika Public Service Announcement - Zika Prevention (2:19) - Ardis Hoven, MD Infectious Disease Specialist- Ky Dept of Public Health (6/30/16)

Zika Public Service Announcement - Problem Zones (2:45) - Kathy Fowler, Director- Division of Public Health Protection and Safety (6/30/16)

Zika Public Service Announcement - Protect Yourself (4:45) - Doug Thoroughman, Deputy State Epidemiologist for Ky (6/30/16)

Zika Public Service Announcement - Protect Yourself (2:21) - Shelley Wood, Nurse Consultant for Zika at the Ky Department for Public Health (6/30/16)

Zika Public Service Announcement - Mosquitoes and Pets (2:41) - John Poe, DVM- State Public Health Veterinarian (6/30/16)

Zika Public Service Announcement - Long version with all presenters (15:04) (6/30/16)

 

What is local transmission of Zika? (CDC poster ) 6/21/16

Zika: The basics of the virus and how to protect against it (CDC poster ) 6/15/16

2016 Mosquito control program spray schedules (6/7)

Asian tiger mosquitoes active in Kentucky (6/7)

Will "bugzappers" knock out mosquitoes? (5/27)

NIOSH Protecting workers from occupational exposure to Zika(5/18)

NIOSH Protecting workers from occupational exposure to Zika (Spanish) (5/18)

 

What do you know about Zika?- test your knowledge

Frequently asked questions about mosquitoes and Zika in Kentucky.

Aedes aegypti mosquitoes are more likely to spread viruses like Zika, dengue, chikungunya, and other viruses than other species of mosquitoes. Fortunately, it is very rare in Kentucky. The map below shows the Centers for Disease Control (CDC's) estimated range of Aedes aegypti based on where it occurs or has previously been found.

Estimated range of Aedes aegypti in the US (CDC 2016)

Aedes albopictus, the Asian tiger mosquito (ATM), occurs throughout the state and is a species of importance should local transmission occur in Kentucky. The ATM is an outdoor (garden) mosquito that breeds in most any water-filled container. It is an aggressive, day-biter that will feed on humans and a variety of available domestic and wild vertebrates. It is primarily active late afternoon through early evening although it has a secondary period of activity around dawn. It is responsible for most of the mosquito bites that occur in Kentucky city suburbs.

Estimated range of Aedes albopictus in the US (CDC 2016)

These maps represent the CDC's best estimate of the range of these two species in the US. They are not meant to represent the risk for spread of disease.

Zika activity book for kids (5/4)

Zika color page for kids (4/29)

CDC Protect your pregnancy poster (4/27)

CDC Mosquito bite protection for travelers poster (4/27)

Protect yourself, protect Kentucky flyer (4/27)

How many mosquito breeding sites around the house do you know? Check this list to see how you did.

One Health Awareness Mosquito poster is the result of a collaboration between our partners in the Department of Parks, the Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources, and the Department for Public Health.

Build your own Zika prevention kit   A list of items that will reduce your risk of getting Zika. This is particularly important for pregnant women.

Zika transmission and risks   This page describes the potential ways that zika might be spread from person to person.

Kentucky mosquitoes  This page provides brief profiles of common and important mosquitoes in Kentucky.

Repellents

  This graphic is intended to help consumers easily identify the repellency time for mosquitos and ticks. Use of the graphic by manufacturers will be voluntary and available for qualifying companies. EPA will review products that apply to use the graphic to ensure that their scientific data meet current testing protocols and standard evaluation practices.

EPA repellent selection search tool You can specify the target (mosquitoes, ticks, etc.), protection time, active ingredient, or other product-specific information.

Videos

Fight mosquitoes with simple tips - a 30 second video from the Kentucky Department for Public Health

Fight mosquitoes with simple tips - a 30 second video in Spanish from the Kentucky Department for Public Health

Mosquito bite protection and repellents - From the Tennessee Department of Health

An animated fight the bite graphic - the suggestions for protecting yourself against West Nile virus are true for Zika, too.

 

Other sites and resources

OSHA FactSheet Interim Guidance for Protecting Workers from Occupational Exposure to Zika

Kentucky Health Alerts

Insect bites and stings - National Institutes of Health

Maintained by: Lee Townsend, Extension Entomologist

 

 

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